Flour & Oats
Food Quantities


Q: How long does yeast remain fresh?

A: Yeast stays fresh for 6 weeks on a shelf, 4 months in a refrigerator, and 1 year in a freezer. Place the yeast into another freezer bag when freezing it. The yeast may be used directly out of the freezer.

Q: What is the difference between Golden Flax Seed and Brown Flax Seed?

A: As far as nutritional value there is no difference. There is a slight difference in flavor. The golden flax has a little stronger flavor. When using flax seed to bake, the Brown Flax Seed will leave the finished product looking darker in color.

Q: What is the best way to store Flax Seed?

A: Whole flax seed can be stored at room temperature for up to a year, however, ground flax seed is more likely to become rancid. Ground flax seed can be stored in an airtight, opaque container in the refrigerator for up to 90 days, or for better results store in the freezer. In order to obtain the most value, grind the flax seed in a coffee grinder, or blender, just before using it.


Q: Which cheeses are low-fat?

A: Lacey Swiss, Mozzarella

Q: Which cheeses are Low Salt?

A: Heidi Ann Swiss

Q: Which cheeses are Lactose Free?

A: Yogurt Vegetable, Yogurt Herb & Garlic, Heidi Ann Swiss.

Q: How long is Mild Swiss aged?

A: 1 to 2 months

Q: How long is Sharp Swiss aged?

A: 9 to 12 months

Q: What is the difference between Pepperjack Cheese and Hot Pepper Cheese?

A: Pepperjack is Monteray Jack cheese and contains Jalapeño and Habanero peppers. It is a natural cheese. Hot Pepper cheese is a processed cheese with White American for its base and has Jalapeño peppers added. A processed cheese is not a natural cheese.

Q: Which meats are Low Sodium?

A: Oven Roasted Turkey.

Q: Which meats are Nitrate/Nitrite Free?

A: Buffalo Chicken, Herb & Garlic Chicken, Oven Roasted Chicken, Cajun Turkey, Gourmet Turkey, Lemon Pepper Turkey, Oven Roasted Turkey, Turkey off the Bone.

Q: Which meats are MSG Free?

A: Ham off the Bone, Honey Ham off the Bone, Cajun Turkey, Gourmet Turkey, Honey Roasted Turkey, Lemon Pepper Turkey, Oven Roasted Turkey, Smoked Turkey, Turkey off the Bone, Fried Chicken.

Q: Which meats are Gluten Free?

A: Black Forest Ham, EZ Carve Ham, Ham off the Bone, Honey Ham off the Bone, Cajun Turkey, Gourmet Turkey, Honey Roasted Turkey, Lemon Pepper Turkey, Oven Roasted Turkey, Smoked Turkey, Fried Chicken, Herb & Garlic Chicken, Honey BBQ Chicken.

Q: What is the difference between Hard Salami & Genoa Salami?

A: Genoa had little whole peppercorns in it, but they taste similar. Genoa tends to have more fat than Hard Salami and very rarely has any added smoke flavor added. Hard Salami is typically German in origin and is harder and dryer than Genoa. Hard Salami usually has smoke flavor added or is smoked.

Q: What is Canadian Bacon?

A: It is the center cut of boneless loin, and the sirloin end has been cut off. Another name for it could be center-cut pork loin.

Q: How many people does 1lb of meat serve?

A: 1lb meat serves 6-8 people.

Q: How many people does 1lb of cheese serve?

A: 1lb cheese seves 10-12 people.


Q: Which flour is the best for baking bread?

A: Our High-Gluten Flour is recommended for bread. Gluten is the ingredient that helps the bread to rise. This flour works well in a bread machine.

Q: Which of your flours are gluten free?

A: Buckwheat, Brown Rice, Coconut, Almond Flour, Potato Starch, Tapioca Flour.

Q: What kind of wheat are the different kinds of flour made from?

A: Bread flour is made from hard wheat, while cake and pastry flour are made from soft wheat. All purpose flour usually has a mixture of both soft and hard wheat. The biggest difference is the protein count. The higher the protein the higher the gluten count will be. Bread flour has the highest count.

Q: What is Sapphire Flour?

A: It is an all-purpose flour that is unbleached and enriched and good for cookies and cakes.

Q: What is Artisan Flour?

A: It is a flour that is made from select premium hard red wheat. It is perfect for baking hearth-baked crusty breads and rolls and naturally fermented artisan breads such as baguettes.

Q: What is Occident Flour?

A: It is a flour that is perfect for making white pan breads and specialty pan breads such as: wheat, raisin and multigrain, hamburger and hot dog buns, dinner rolls, coffee cakes, cinnamon rolls, pizza dough, tortillas, pretzels and croissants.

Q: What is Pie & Pastry Flour?

A: This flour will give your recipe the elasticity it needs to hold together perfect pie crusts, pastries and other delicate dough.

Q: What is Sir Lancelot High Gluten Flour?

A: This flour is a high-gluten flour (14.2% protein). It is perfect for baking pizza crusts, bagels, artisan breads and rye, whole wheat and oat breads.

Q: What is Sir Galahad Artisan Flour?

A: This is an all-purpose flour, made from American wheat that has been milled to strict specifications. It is perfect for baking a variety of products such as muffins, cookies, pizza crusts and even whole-grain breads.

Q: What is Whole Wheat Flour?

A: This flour is made from select hard spring wheat and is perfect for baking wheat breads, rolls and muffins.

Q: How long does oatmeal stay fresh?

A: 1 year unopened, after it’s opened 6-12 months.

Q: What is the difference between Regular, Old-Fashioned Oats, and Steel Cut Oats?

A. Steel Cut Oats are the heart of the oats cut in pieces. To cook it for cereal use 4 cups water to 1 cup oats and cook for 20-25 minutes. It has a chewy nutty flavor.

Regular Old Fashioned Rolled Oats are steam rolled. For cooking use 1 cup water to 1 cup oats and cook for 3-5 minutes.


Ham = 25lbs

Hamburger = 30lbs

Beef = 30lbs

Meat Loaf = 24lbs (4 people per lb meat)

Cheese = 3lbs

Soup = 5 gallons

Scalloped Potatoes = 5 gallons

Potato Salad = 12 quarts

Baked Beans = 5 gallons

Ice Cream = 4 gallons

Coffee = 3 lbs


Q: Why does honey crystallize?

A: Raw honey is processed at low heat and will crystallize if it gets too cold. Crystallized honey is not ruined; simply warm it up and it will return to its liquid state.

Q: What is the difference between raw honey and processed honey?

A: When honey is heated to 160 degrees or above, the heat kills the enzymes in the honey and it is no longer considered raw.

Q: Is honey comb edible?

A: Yes, you may eat the honey comb in the honey.


Q: What is the difference between jam, jelly, and preserves?

A: Jam is made with mashed fruit and sugar. Jelly is made with strained fruit juice and sugar. Preserves are made with coarse pieces of fruit and sugar.


Q: What’s the difference between sausage and kielbasa?

A: The difference is found between the seasonings of the two. Kielbasa has seasonings which contain garlic and also MSG, whereas sausage does not.

Q: What is Cottage Ham?

A: The Cottage Ham is taken from the shoulder and is used in cooking beans and soups.

Q: What are Ham Hocks?

A: Ham Hocks are a smaller cut with not as much meat but with the skin on. Used to flavor beans & soups.


1 lb shelled amonds = 3 1/2 cups

1 lb shelled pecans = 4 cups

1 lb shelled peanuts = 3 cups

1 lb shelled walnuts = 4 cups

1 lb raw oatmeal = 5 cups raw or 9 cups cooked

1 lb dry macaroni = 4 cups dry or 8 cups cooked

1 lb dry noodles = 6 cups dry or 9 cups cooked

1 lb dry spaghetti = 4 cups dry or 6-8 cups cooked

1 lb peanut butter = 2 1/4 cups

1 lb raisins = 2 3/4 cups

1 lb dry rice = 2 cups dry or 6 cups cooked

1 cup instant rice = 2 cups cooked

1 lb brown sugar = 2 1/4 cups

1 lb powdered sugar = 3 1/2 cups sifted

1 lb white sugar = 2 cups


Q: How long do spices stay fresh?

A: As with all foods, storage conditions will help determine the length of freshness in spices. With an airtight container stored in a dry place at room temperature, spices will stay fresh up to 9 months, or they can be frozen and kept fresh for up to a year. Spices may be used directly from the freezer.

Q: How do I keep garlic and onion powder from hardening?

A: The best way to keep garlic and onion powder fresh is to place the bag of powder into another plastic freezer bag and store in the freezer.


Q: Can Pumpkin Rolls be frozen?

A: Yes, approximately 4-6 weeks.

Q: Can you freeze butter?

A: Yes, for up to 6 months.

Q: How many pies can one tube of fruit pie filling make?

A: One tube of fruit pie filling makes one 9″ pie. The shelf life of an unopened tube is 9 months. Once opened the pie filling should be kept refrigerated and is recommended that you use it within 2 weeks. Pie filling may be baked in an unbaked pie shell or may also be used cold in a baked pie shell or graham cracker crust. Tip – The pie filling will set up well after being refrigerated. This is not applied when baking the pie filling.

Q: Where should candied fruit be stored?

A: Candied fruit should be stored in a cool, dry place with low humidity, as that is a very important key. If properly stored they can be kept from one year to the next. It is not recommended to store candied fruit in a refrigerator as they tend to get sugary and crystallize.

Q: What is the difference between instant chicken broth and chicken base?

A: The difference is that chicken broth does not contain any meat products while chicken base contains chicken fat and meat.

Q: What is the difference between instant beef broth and beef base?

A: The difference is that beef broth does not contain any meat products while beef base contains beef fat and extract.

Q. What is the best way to keep chicken and beef base from getting hard?

A. Place the chicken or beef base into another freezer bag and keep it in the freezer. It may be used right out of the freezer and doesn’t hurt to thaw and refreeze. Keeping it in the refrigerator also keeps it from getting hard.

Q. How long do dried beans keep in storage?

A.  Recommended : 1 year.

Q. How long does Brown Rice stay fresh?

A. 1 year unopened, if opened and in the cooler, 6 months

Q. What is the difference between the 3 kinds of Molasses?

A: Supreme and Blackstrap molasses are made from sugar cane juice. The strength in flavor is determined by how often and how long it is boiled. Blackstrap has the strongest flavor. Sorghum molasses is made from the juice of sorghum cane. It is used in baking or as a syrup and is sweeter than the other two.